Went with piece of furniture containing English pine (8)
I believe the answer is:
Here is my best explanation:
'went' is the definition.
('belong' can be a synonym of 'go')
'piece of furniture containing english pine' is the wordplay.
'piece of furniture' becomes 'bed' (bed is a kind of piece of furniture).
'containing' means one lot of letters goes inside another.
'english' becomes 'e' (abbreviation).
'pine' becomes 'long' ('long' can be a synonym of 'pine'**).
'bed' going around 'elong' is 'BELONGED'.
'with' is the link.
(Other definitions for belonged that I've seen before include "Fitted in", "Was owned" and "Was part of".)